Etiology of maxillary canine impaction: A review

Adrian Becker*, Stella Chaushu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

127 Scopus citations


This article is a review that enumerates the causes of impaction of the maxillary permanent canines, including hard tissue obstructions, soft tissue lesions, and anomalies of neighboring teeth, and discusses the much-argued relationship between environmental and genetic factors. These phenomena have been shown in many investigations to accompany the diagnosis of canine impaction and have been presented as unrelated anomalous features, each of which is etiologically construed as genetic, including the aberrant canine itself. While in general the influence of genetics pervades the wider picture, a guidance theory proposes an alternative etiologic line of reasoning and interpretation of these studies, in which the same genetically determined anomalous features provide an abnormal milieu in which the canine is reared and from which it is guided in its misdirected and often abortive path of eruption.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)557-567
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Association of Orthodontists.


Dive into the research topics of 'Etiology of maxillary canine impaction: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this