Evaluation of Urinary Catheters Coated with Sustained-Release Varnish of Chlorhexidine in Mitigating Biofilm Formation on Urinary Catheters in Dogs

G. Segev*, T. Bankirer, D. Steinberg, M. Duvdevani, N. K. Shapur, M. Friedman, E. Lavy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Biofilm formation occurs commonly on urinary catheters. Objectives: To assess the efficacy of urinary catheters coated with sustained-release varnish of chlorhexidine in decreasing catheter-associated biofilm formation in dogs. Animals: Thirty client-owned dogs. Methods: Prospective study. Thirteen dogs were catheterized with urinary catheters coated with sustained-release varnish of chlorhexidine (study group), and 13 dogs were catheterized with an untreated urinary catheter (control group). Presence and intensity of biofilm formation on the urinary catheters were assessed and compared between the groups by evaluating colony-forming units (CFU) of biofilm bacteria, and semiquantitatively, using confocal laser scanning microscopy and electron microscopy. Results: None of the dogs experienced adverse effects associated with the presence of the urinary catheters. Median CFU count of biofilm bacteria at all portions of the urinary catheter was significantly (P < .001) lower in the study compared with the control group. The degree of biofilm formation on the urinary catheters, as evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy and electron microscopy, was significantly lower in the study compared with the control group. Electron microscopy examination identified crystals on some of the urinary catheters. The proportion of catheters on which crystals were observed was significantly lower on the distal part of the urinary catheter in the study group compared with the control group (16.7% versus 66.7%, respectively; P = .04). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Chlorhexidine sustained-release varnish-coated urinary catheters effectively decrease urinary catheter-associated biofilm formation in dogs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Coating material
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Urine

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