Exact factorization-based density functional theory of electron-phonon systems

Ryan Requist, C. R. Proetto, E. K.U. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Density functional theory is generalized to incorporate electron-phonon coupling. A Kohn-Sham equation yielding the electronic density nU(r), a conditional probability density depending parametrically on the phonon normal mode amplitudes U={Uqλ}, is coupled to the nuclear Schrödinger equation of the exact factorization method. The phonon modes are defined from the harmonic expansion of the nuclear Schrödinger equation. A nonzero Berry curvature on nuclear configuration space affects the phonon modes, showing that the potential energy surface alone is generally not sufficient to define the phonons. An orbital-dependent functional approximation for the nonadiabatic exchange-correlation energy reproduces the leading-order nonadiabatic electron-phonon-induced band structure renormalization in the Fröhlich model.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number165136
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
StatePublished - 24 Apr 2019

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© 2019 American Physical Society.


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