## Abstract

Deterministic constructions of expander graphs have been an important topic of research in computer science and mathematics, with many well-studied constructions of infinite families of expanders. In some applications, though, an infinite family is not enough: we need expanders which are “close” to each other. We study the following question: Construct an an infinite sequence of expanders G_{0},G_{1}, . . . , such that for every two consecutive graphs G_{i} and G_{i+1}, G_{i+1} can be obtained from G_{i} by adding a single vertex and inserting/removing a small number of edges, which we call the expansion cost of transitioning from G_{i} to G_{i+1}. This question is very natural, e.g., in the context of datacenter networks, where the vertices represent racks of servers, and the expansion cost captures the amount of rewiring needed when adding another rack to the network. We present an explicit construction of d-regular expanders with expansion cost at most [formula presented] , for any d ≥ 6. Our construction leverages the notion of a “2-lift” of a graph. This operation was first analyzed by Bilu and Linial [1], who repeatedly applied 2-lifts to construct an infinite family of expanders which double in size from one expander to the next. Our construction can be viewed as a way to “interpolate” between Bilu-Linial expanders with low expansion cost while preserving good edge expansion throughout.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Algorithms – ESA 2015 - 23rd Annual European Symposium, Proceedings |

Editors | Nikhil Bansal, Irene Finocchi |

Publisher | Springer Verlag |

Pages | 399-410 |

Number of pages | 12 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783662483497 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2015 |

Event | 23rd European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2015 - Patras, Greece Duration: 14 Sep 2015 → 16 Sep 2015 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
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Volume | 9294 |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Conference

Conference | 23rd European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2015 |
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Country/Territory | Greece |

City | Patras |

Period | 14/09/15 → 16/09/15 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015.