Exploiting a Y chromosome-linked Cas9 for sex selection and gene drive

Stephanie Gamez, Duverney Chaverra-Rodriguez, Anna Buchman, Nikolay P. Kandul, Stelia C. Mendez-Sanchez, Jared B. Bennett, Héctor M. Sánchez C, Ting Yang, Igor Antoshechkin, Jonny E. Duque, Philippos A. Papathanos, John M. Marshall, Omar S. Akbari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

CRISPR-based genetic engineering tools aimed to bias sex ratios, or drive effector genes into animal populations, often integrate the transgenes into autosomal chromosomes. However, in species with heterogametic sex chromsomes (e.g. XY, ZW), sex linkage of endonucleases could be beneficial to drive the expression in a sex-specific manner to produce genetic sexing systems, sex ratio distorters, or even sex-specific gene drives, for example. To explore this possibility, here we develop a transgenic line of Drosophila melanogaster expressing Cas9 from the Y chromosome. We functionally characterize the utility of this strain for both sex selection and gene drive finding it to be quite effective. To explore its utility for population control, we built mathematical models illustrating its dynamics as compared to other state-of-the-art systems designed for both population modification and suppression. Taken together, our results contribute to the development of current CRISPR genetic control tools and demonstrate the utility of using sex-linked Cas9 strains for genetic control of animals.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number7202
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Exploiting a Y chromosome-linked Cas9 for sex selection and gene drive'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this