Exposure to the 2014 Gaza War and Support for Militancy: The Role of Emotion Dysregulation

Inbal Zipris, Ruthie Pliskin, Daphna Canetti, Eran Halperin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


How do wars shape emotions and attitudes in intractable conflicts? In two studies conducted in the aftermath of the 2014 Gaza War in the Middle East, we tested a new theoretical model wherein the ability to regulate emotions is central in determining the influence of war exposure on emotions (i.e., group-based humiliation) and support for militancy, through posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS). Results supported our model: (a) higher exposure to the war predicted group-based humiliation in both studies and in Study 2 also greater support for militancy; in both studies, (b) higher exposure predicted more PSS only among participants high in emotion dysregulation, and, for them, (c) higher exposure predicted greater group-based humiliation, through increased levels of PSS. Results from Study 2 suggest that (d) group-based humiliation will ultimately lead to greater support for militancy. The findings’ contribution to the different literatures and their integration is discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)965-977
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.


  • emotion regulation
  • exposure to terrorism and political violence
  • humiliation
  • intractable conflict
  • stress


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