Expression and secretion of staphylococcal nuclease in yeast: Effects of amino-terminal sequences

O. Pines, A. London

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13 Scopus citations


Staphylococcus aureus nuclease A hybrid genes, encoding proteins OmpA-nuclease, lipo-nuclease and Pin-nuclease, were cloned downstream of the yeast GAL10 inducible promoter. OmpA-nuclease and lipo-nuclease contain the mature staphylococcal nuclease sequence preceded by the Escherichia coli OmpA and lipoprotein signal sequences, respectively, whereas Pin-nuclease lacks a defined signal sequence at its amino terminus. We found that: (a) the nuclease gene products synthesized in yeast are active, but they do not affect cell growth; (b) OmpA-nuclease and lipo-nuclease are partially processed and constitute approximately 1.0-1.5% of the yeast cell protein; (c) OmpA and lipoprotein signal sequences function similarly in secretion, allowing 35-40% of the processed nuclease to be translocated into the yeast periplasm; and (d) Pin-nuclease, which lacks hydrophobic sequences at its amino-terminus, is accumulated at a level tenfold lower than the hybrid proteins that do contain signal sequences. Nevertheless, 50% of the enzyme activity of Pin-nuclease in yeast is localized in the periplasmic space.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)771-778
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of General Microbiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991


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