Fabrication of Perovskite Solar Cells with Digital Control of Transparency by Inkjet Printing

Naresh Kumar Pendyala, Shlomo Magdassi*, Lioz Etgar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Semitransparency is an attractive and important property in solar cells since it opens new possibilities in a variety of applications such as tandem cell configuration and building-integrated photovoltaics. Metal halide perovskite has the optimal properties to function as the light harvester in solar cells and can be made as a thin film, while its chemical composition can change its band gap. However, achieving high transparency usually compromises the solar cell's efficiency. Here we report on a unique approach to fabricating semitransparent perovskite solar cells that does not rely on their composition or their thickness. The approach is based on a scalable process, inkjet printing of arrays of transparent pillars, which are composed of inert photopolymerizable liquid compositions and are partly covered by the perovskite. This material can be printed at specific locations and array densities, thus providing a digital control of both the transparency and efficiency of the solar cells. The new semitransparent device structure shows 11.2% efficiency with 24% average transparency without a top metal contact. Further development including deposition of a transparent contact enabled the fabrication of fully semitransparent devices with an efficiency of 10.6% and average transparency of 19%.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)30524-30532
Number of pages9
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Issue number26
StatePublished - 7 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • high efficiency
  • inkjet printing
  • perovskite solar cells
  • polymer-ink pillars
  • semitransparent


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