Family composition and off-farm participation decisions in Israeli farm households

Ayal Kimhi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This article studies the relationship between the off-farm participation behavior of farm operators and their spouses and the demographic composition of the household. We focus on farm families without parents, siblings or partners, and examine the effects of the existence of elderly children of the farm couple. We find that both the father and the mother tend to reduce their participation in off-farm work as the number of elderly children rises. This result holds even after controlling for observed characteristics. We also find that the effect of elderly children stems from considerations related to both farm production and household production.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)502-512
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2004


  • Adult children
  • Family composition
  • Multivariate probit
  • Off-farm participation
  • Quasi-maximum likelihood


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