Fast perfect-information leader-election protocols with linear immunity

Jason Cooper*, Nathan Linial

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In this paper we develop a leader election protocol P with the following features: 1. The protocol rums in the perfect information model: Every step taken by a player is visible to all others. 2. It has linear immunity: If P is run by n players and a coalition of c1n players deviates from the protocol, attempting to have one of them elected, their probability of success is <1-c2, where c1, c2>0 are absolute constants. 3. It is fast: The running time of P is polylogarithmic in n, the number of players. A previous protocol by Alon and Naor achieving linear immunity in the perfect information model has a linear time complexity. The main ingredient of our protocol is a reduction subprotocol. This is a way for n players to elect a subset of themselves which has the following property. Assume that up to en of the players are bad and try to have as many of them elected to the subset. Then with high probability, the fraction of bad players among the elected ones will not exceed e in a significant way. The existence of such a reduction protocol is first established by a probabilistic argument. Later an explicit construction is provided which is based on the spectral properties of Ramanujan graphs.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)319-332
Number of pages14
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1995


  • Mathematics Subject Classification (1991): 68Q20, 68Q22, 68R10, 05C90


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