Panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon type of extranodal T-cell lymphoma which presents clinically with subcutaneous nodules. The clinical course can either be indolent or rapidly progressive, often complicated by hemophagocytic syndrome. We report a patient with primary subcutaneous disease and initial complete response to combination chemotherapy. The patient experienced an early relapse which responded to salvage chemotherapy. However, she died shortly thereafter with hemophagocytic syndrome, polymicrobial sepsis and systemic fungal infection. At autopsy there was no evidence of lymphoma in the bone marrow or other organs. We emphasize that a fatal hemophagocytic syndrome can occur despite minimal or even without evidence of clinically active lymphoma as demonstrated by autopsy in this case.
- Cutaneous lymphoma
- Fungal infection
- Hemophagocytic syndrome
- Panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma
- T-cell receptor rearrangement