Fatigue in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases: A systematic review and a single center experience

Shira T. Turner, Gili Focht, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Raffi Lev-Tzion, Oren Ledder, Dotan Yogev, Amit Assa, Ron Shaoul, Eileen Crowely, Anthony Otley, Anne M. Griffiths, Dan Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to review the literature on fatigue in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases (PIBD), to explore how it is measured, and approximate its rate in an inception pediatric cohort. METHODS: Studies on fatigue were systematically reviewed and selected by two authors. Next, we retrieved the two fatigue-related questions of the IMPACT-III questionnaire at 4 and 12 months after diagnosis from a prospectively maintained cohort of PIBD patients, each scoring 0-100 (lower scores imply more fatigue), and 44 healthy controls. RESULTS: The systematic review identified 14 studies reporting fatigue in children, of which nine had fatigue as the primary outcome and only two provided rates of fatigue. No standalone index was identified for measuring fatigue specifically for PIBD. Of 80 children included in the inception cohort, 62 (78%) scored an average of ≤75 on the two IMPACT-III questions (approximating at least mild fatigue), 26 (33%) scored ≤50 (at least moderate fatigue) and nine (11%) scored ≤25 (severe fatigue). In comparison, only four (9%) healthy children scored at least moderate fatigue (p = 0.007). Fatigue rates at 12 months were only slightly and nonsignificantly lower. Fatigue of any severity was reported in 92% children with active disease versus 63% of those in clinical remission (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Literature reporting on fatigue in PIBD is scarce, and no PIBD-specific tool is available to measure fatigue. In our cohort, fatigue-related questions were frequently scored low in children with IBD, mainly among children with active disease but also during clinical remission.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)241-251
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • fatigue
  • pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases
  • ulcerative colitis

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