Feedback May Harm: Role of Feedback in Probabilistic Decision Making of Adolescents with ADHD

Yehuda Pollak*, Rachel Shoham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inept probabilistic decision making is commonly associated with ADHD. In experimental designs aimed to model probabilistic decision making in ADHD, feedback following each choice was, in the majority of studies, part of the paradigm. This study examined whether feedback processing plays a role in the maladaptive choice behavior of subjects with ADHD by comparing feedback and no-feedback conditions. Sixty adolescents (49 males), ages 13–18, with and without ADHD, performed a descriptive probabilistic choice task in which outcomes and probabilities were explicitly provided. Subjects performed the task either with or without feedback. Under the no-feedback condition, adolescents with ADHD and controls performed similarly, whereas under the feedback condition, subjects with ADHD chose the unfavorable outcomes more frequently and risked smaller sums than controls. These finding demonstrate the crucial role of feedback in the decision making of adolescents with ADHD.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1233-1242
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Decision making
  • Feedback
  • Risk taking

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