Fertility and Population in Developing Countries

A. Ebenstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This article examines fertility patterns in developing countries, and their relationship to population health. The author examines three regions of the developing world using the theoretical framework of the demographic transition, comparing the experiences in China, India, and sub-Saharan Africa. The author then examines issues related to their unique population patterns, such as China and India's high sex ratios, and the impact of HIV/AIDS on the African age distribution. The author concludes with a discussion of challenges related to these population patterns, including impending problems in China's marriage market, trends in sex work, patterns in breastfeeding, social unrest, and patterns in suicide.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Health Economics
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123756787
ISBN (Print)9780123756794
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Demographic dividend
  • Demographic transition
  • Developing countries
  • Fertility
  • Missing women
  • Sex ratio


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