We study clusters of the type ANBM with N≤M≤3 in a two-dimensional mixture of A and B bosons, with attractive AB and equally repulsive AA and BB interactions. In order to check universal aspects of the problem, we choose two very different models: dipolar bosons in a bilayer geometry and particles interacting via separable Gaussian potentials. We find that all the considered clusters are bound and that their energies are universal functions of the scattering lengths aAB and aAA=aBB, for sufficiently large attraction-to-repulsion ratios aAB/aBB. When aAB/aBB decreases below ≈10, the dimer-dimer interaction changes from attractive to repulsive and the population-balanced AABB and AAABBB clusters break into AB dimers. Calculating the AAABBB hexamer energy just below this threshold, we find an effective three-dimer repulsion which may have important implications for the many-body problem, particularly for observing liquid and supersolid states of dipolar dimers in the bilayer geometry. The population-imbalanced ABB trimer, ABBB tetramer, and AABBB pentamer remain bound beyond the dimer-dimer threshold. In the dipolar model, they break up at aAB≈2aBB, where the atom-dimer interaction switches to repulsion.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study has been partially supported by funding from the Spanish MINECO (Grant No. FIS2017-84114-C2-1-P). The Barcelona Supercomputing Center (The Spanish National Supercomputing Center—Centro Nacional de Supercomputación) is acknowledged for the provided computational facilities (Grant No. RES-FI-2019-2-0033). G.G. acknowledges a fellowship from CONACYT (México). D.S.P. acknowledges support from ANR Grant Droplets No. ANR-19-CE30-0003-02.
© 2020 American Physical Society.