First measurement of helicity-dependent cross sections in π0η photoproduction from quasi-free nucleons

A. Käser, M. Dieterle, L. Witthauer, S. Abt, P. Achenbach, P. Adlarson, F. Afzal, Z. Ahmed, J. Ahrens, J. R.M. Annand, H. J. Arends, M. Bashkanov, R. Beck, M. Biroth, N. S. Borisov, A. Braghieri, W. J. Briscoe, F. Cividini, C. Collicott, S. CostanzaA. Denig, E. J. Downie, P. Drexler, A. Fix, S. Garni, D. I. Glazier, I. Gorodnov, W. Gradl, M. Günther, G. M. Gurevich, L. Heijkenskjöld, D. Hornidge, G. M. Huber, V. L. Kashevarov, S. Kay, I. Keshelashvili, R. Kondratiev, M. Korolija, B. Krusche*, A. B. Lazarev, V. Lisin, K. Livingston, S. Lutterer, I. J.D. MacGregor, D. M. Manley, P. P. Martel, V. Metag, W. Meyer, R. Miskimen, E. Mornacchi, A. Mushkarenkov, A. B. Neganov, A. Neiser, M. Oberle, M. Ostrick, P. B. Otte, D. Paudyal, P. Pedroni, A. Polonski, S. N. Prakhov, G. Reicherz, G. Ron, T. Rostomyan, A. Sarty, C. Sfienti, V. Sokhoyan, K. Spieker, O. Steffen, I. I. Strakovsky, Th Strub, I. Supek, A. Thiel, M. Thiel, A. Thomas, M. Unverzagt, Yu A. Usov, S. Wagner, N. K. Walford, D. P. Watts, D. Werthmüller, J. Wettig, M. Wolfes, L. Zana

*Corresponding author for this work

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The helicity-dependent cross sections for the photoproduction of π0η pairs have been measured for the first time. The experiment was performed at the tagged photon facility of the Mainz MAMI accelerator with the combined Crystal Ball – TAPS calorimeter. The experiment used a polarized deuterated butanol target and a circularly polarized photon beam. This arrangement allowed the σ1/2 (photon and target spin antiparallel) and σ3/2 (parallel spins) components to be measured for quasi-free production of π0η pairs off protons and neutrons. The main finding is that the two helicity components contribute identically, within uncertainties, for both participant protons and neutrons. The absolute couplings for protons and neutrons are also identical. This means that nucleon resonances contributing to this reaction in the investigated energy range have almost equal electromagnetic helicity couplings, A1/2 n,p and A3/2 n,p. Identical couplings for protons and neutrons are typical for Δ resonances and identical A1/2 and A3/2 components are only possible for J≥3/2 states, which constrains possible contributions of nucleon resonances.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)305-312
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
StatePublished - 10 Nov 2018

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