First-principles approach to noncollinear magnetism: Towards spin dynamics

S. Sharma*, J. K. Dewhurst, C. Ambrosch-Draxl, S. Kurth, N. Helbig, S. Pittalis, S. Shallcross, L. Nordström, E. K.U. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


A description of noncollinear magnetism in the framework of spin-density functional theory is presented for the exact exchange energy functional which depends explicitly on two-component spinor orbitals. The equations for the effective Kohn-Sham scalar potential and magnetic field are derived within the optimized effective potential (OEP) framework. With the example of a magnetically frustrated Cr monolayer it is shown that the resulting magnetization density exhibits much more noncollinear structure than standard calculations. Furthermore, a time-dependent generalization of the noncollinear OEP method is well suited for an ab initio description of spin dynamics. We also show that the magnetic moments of solids Fe, Co, and Ni are well reproduced.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number196405
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number19
StatePublished - 9 May 2007
Externally publishedYes


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