Fluctuations in gonadotropin and ovarian steroids during the annual cycle and spawning of the common carp

Zvi Yaron*, Berta Levavi-Zermonsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The main objective of the paper is to describe the annual changes in hormones associated with reproduction in the female carp under the conditions prevailing in the Israeli fish culture. Fish were sampled monthly throughout 1984; gonadosomatic index (GSI) was calculated and the diameter of ovarian follicles was measured. Gonadotropin (GTH) content in the pituitary and the circulating GTH, estradiol, testosterone and 17 α, 20 β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17, 20-P) were determined by specific radioimmunoassays. GTH, estradiol and testosterone showed a bimodal annual pattern. The late summer peak was associated with initial vitellogenesis while the peak in spring occurred just before spawning, which took place in April-May. A resting phase in ovarian activity was noted in June and July. The levels of 17, 20-P were very low compared with those occurring during spawning induction. The paper summarizes a previous study by our laboratory on the changes in circulating hormones, as related to oocyte stages, in female carp induced to spawn by a GTH-calibrated pituitary extract. This study associates the short but prominent peak in 17, 20-P with the presence of follicles with maturing oocytes in the ovary. A correlation was found between the percentage of oocytes with eccentric germinal vesicle initially present in ovarian biopsies of females carp and their spawning success after hypophysation. The paper describes simple means to ensure successful induction of spawning in carp by utilizing a calibrated pituitary extract and prior selection of females that would respond to the induction treatment.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)75-86
Number of pages12
JournalFish Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Oct 1986
Externally publishedYes


  • 17 α
  • 20 β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one
  • Carp
  • annual cycle
  • estradiol
  • germinal vesicle
  • gonadotropin
  • ovary
  • spawning-induction
  • testosterone
  • vitellogenesis


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