Formation of carbonyl sulfide by the reaction of carbon monoxide and inorganic polysulfides

A. Kamyshny, A. Goifman, D. Rizkov, O. Lev*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


OCS formation by the reaction of inorganic polysulfides with carbon monoxide, which are both abundant in natural aquatic systems, was studied as a model abiotic route for OCS formation in the dark. The net OCS accumulation rate was a function of a bimolecular formation reaction and simultaneous OCS hydrolysis kinetics. The reaction of polysulfides with CO in the dark was found to be first order with respect to CO concentration and first order with respect to the molar sum of the polysulfide species generated by the disproportionation of the dissolved polysulfide precursors. The pH dependence of the OCS production rate was controlled by the pH-dependent disproportionation of polysulfide precursors. Lower temperatures, intermediate redox potentials, and moderately basic pH conditions increase the steady-state concentration of OCS. The speciation of polysulfides in aqueous solutions is still disputed. Some authors claim that hexasulfide is one of the dominant species while others believe that pentasulfide is the largest sulfide species in aqueous systems. Despite the disagreement between different models for speciation of polysulfides, the proposed rate law agreed very well with the thermodynamic data based on four and on five polysulfide species, with only minor differences in the preexponential kinetic coefficients.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1865-1872
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2003


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