Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

Federica Valentini, Vadym Kozell, Chiara Petrucci, Assunta Marrocchi, Yanlong Gu, Dmitri Gelman*, Luigi Vaccaro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Scopus citations


Formic acid is a main product from biomass-derived carbohydrates and is attracting ever more attention as a sustainable hydrogen source, owing to its high volumetric hydrogen density of 53 g of H2 per liter. In this review, we give an overview of the formic acid mediated transformations of biomass-based feedstocks into added-value products, including biofuels; attention will be primarily focused on the transformation of biomass-derived platform chemicals, with an emphasis on levulinic acid. Formic-acid mediated lignin depolymerization and biomass-oil upgrading will be also discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2646-2664
Number of pages19
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Universitàdegli Studi di Perugia and MIUR are also acknowledged for financial support to the project AMIS, through the program ‘‘Dipartimenti di Eccellenza – 2018–2022’’. LV thanks the Lady Davis Fellowship Trust for the 2017–2018 fellowship. This research was supported by ISF (Israel Science Foundation) Grant No. 917/15 and 1384/13. Y. Gu thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China for financial support (2171101076 and 21872060)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


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