Following gene therapy of SCID-X1 using murine leukemia virus (MLV) derived vector, two patients developed leukemia owing to an activating vector integration near the LMO2 gene. We found that these integrations reside within FRA11E, a common fragile site known to correlate with chromosomal breakpoints in tumors. Further analysis showed that fragile sites attract a nonrandom number of MLV integrations, shedding light on its integration mechanism and risk-to-benefit ratio in gene therapy.
- Fragile sites
- Viral integration