From acute stress to persistent post-concussion symptoms: The role of parental accommodation and child’s coping strategies

Irit Aviv*, Maayan Shorer, Silvana Fennig, Hillel Aviezer, Dana Singer-Harel, Alan Apter, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acute stress following mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) is highly prevalent and associated with Persistent Post-Concussion symptoms (PPCS). However, the mechanism mediating this relationship is understudied. Objective: To examine whether parental accommodation (i.e. parents’ attempts to adjust the environment to the child’s difficulties) and child’s coping strategies mediate the association between acute stress and PPCS in children following mTBI. Method: Participants were 58 children aged 8–16 who sustained a mTBI and their parents. Children’s acute stress (one-week post-injury) and coping strategies (three weeks post-injury), and parental accommodation (three weeks and four months post-injury) were assessed. Outcome measures included PPCS (four months post-injury) and neuropsychological tests of cognitive functioning (attention and memory). A baseline for PPCS was obtained by a retrospective report of pre-injury symptoms immediately after the injury. Results: Children’s acute stress and negative coping strategies (escape-oriented coping strategies) and four-months parental accommodation were significantly related to PPCS. Acute stress predicted PPCS and attention and memory performance. Parental accommodation significantly mediated the association between acute stress and PPCS. Conclusions: Stress plays an important role in children’s recovery from mTBI and PPCS. Parental accommodation mediates this relationship, and thus, clinical attention to parental reactions during recovery is needed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1389-1409
Number of pages21
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)
  • acute stress
  • coping strategies
  • parental accommodation
  • persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS)

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