Fruitlet abscission in olive (Olea europaea L.)

S. Cohen-Goldental, I. Biton, H. Zemach, Y. Many, P. Tonutti, Z. Kerem, G. Ben-Ari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite profuse flowering, olive (Olea europaea L.) yields are low because of excessive fruitlet abscission. Only 1-3% of the flowers develop into mature fruit. We studied the role of flower position within an inflorescence as well as the effect of flower removal on fruitlet abscission in ‘Barnea’. Various flower removal treatments, with or without the removal of all other inflorescences on the branch, were carried out and mature fruit development was recorded. Of 540 flowers examined, about 44% were staminate and 66% hermaphroditic. We found that the lateral flowers within an inflorescence tend to be staminate. Flower removal of at least 50% of the flower within inflorescence, delayed abscission from day 20 after anthesis to day 30. The developed fruits were not necessarily those of flowers which opened earliest. Flowers at position 1 (apical) and 5T (terminal) were more likely to develop into fruits compared to those at other positions within the inflorescence. Removing all inflorescences on a branch except one significantly increased the number of fruits from 1.28 to 2.79 fruits per inflorescence. Removing only the lateral flowers increased the number of fruits from 1.28 to 1.58 fruits per inflorescence, but this increase was not considered significant. These preliminary results highlight the need for further research aimed at increasing the percentage of developed fruits per inflorescence.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume1229
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 International Society for Horticultural Science. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords

  • Abscission
  • Anthesis
  • Inflorescence
  • Olea europaea L

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fruitlet abscission in olive (Olea europaea L.)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this