Fungal Bioreporters to Monitor Outcomes of Blastomyces: Host–Cell Interactions

Jeffrey Scott Fites, Neta Shlezinger, Tobias M. Hohl*, Bruce S. Klein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Fluorescence-based techniques enable researchers to monitor physiologic processes, specifically fungal cell viability and death, during cellular encounters with the mammalian immune system with single event resolution. By incorporating two independent fluorescent probes in fungal organisms either prior to, or ensuing experimental infection in mice or in cultured leukocytes, it is possible to distinguish and quantify live and killed fungal cells to interrogate genetic, pharmacologic, and cellular determinants that shape host–fungal cell outcomes. This chapter reviews the techniques and applications of fluorescent fungal reporters of viability, with emphasis on the North American endemic dimorphic fungus, Blastomyces dermatitidis.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Fluorescent reporters
  • Host-Blastomyces interactions


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