Genetic and structural insights into broad neutralization of hepatitis C virus by human V H 1-69 antibodies

Netanel Tzarum, Erick Giang, Leopold Kong, Linling He, Jannick Prentoe, Elias Augestad, Yuanzi Hua, Shaun Castillo, Georg M. Lauer, Jens Bukh, Jiang Zhu, Ian A. Wilson, Mansun Law*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

An effective vaccine to the antigenically diverse hepatitis C virus (HCV) must target conserved immune epitopes. Here, we investigate cross-neutralization of HCV genotypes by broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) encoded by the relatively abundant human gene family V H 1-69. We have deciphered the molecular requirements for cross-neutralization by this unique class of human antibodies from crystal structures of HCV E2 in complex with bNAbs. An unusually high binding affinity is found for germ line-reverted versions of V H 1-69 precursor antibodies, and neutralization breadth is acquired during affinity maturation. Deep sequencing analysis of an HCV-immune B cell repertoire further demonstrates the importance of the V H 1-69 gene family in the generation of HCV bNAbs. This study therefore provides critical insights into immune recognition of HCV with important implications for rational vaccine design.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbereaav1882
JournalScience advances
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2019 The Authors.

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