Genome-wide loss-of-function screen using human pluripotent stem cells to study virus-host interactions for SARS-CoV-2

Ariel Pagis, Or Alfi, Shay Kinreich, Atilgan Yilmaz, Marah Hamdan, Aseel Gadban, Amos Panet, Dana G. Wolf*, Nissim Benvenisty*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019, has become a global health concern. Therefore, there is an immense need to understand the network of virus-host interactions by using human disease-relevant cells. We have thus conducted a loss-of-function genome-wide screen using haploid human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to identify genes involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Although the undifferentiated hESCs are resistant to SARS-CoV-2, their differentiated definitive endoderm (DE) progenies, which express high levels of ACE2, are highly sensitive to the virus. Our genetic screening was able to identify the well-established entry receptor ACE2 as a host factor, along with additional potential novel modulators of SARS-CoV-2. Two such novel screen hits, the transcription factor MAFG and the transmembrane protein TMEM86A, were further validated as conferring resistance against SARS-CoV-2 by using CRISPR-mediated mutagenesis in hESCs, followed by differentiation of mutant lines into DE cells and infection by SARS-CoV-2. Our genome-wide genetic screening investigated SARS-CoV-2 host factors in non-cancerous human cells with endogenous ACE2 expression, providing a unique platform to identify novel modulators of SARS-CoV-2 cytopathology in human cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1766-1774
Number of pages9
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Genome-wide screening
  • Human pluripoptent stem cells
  • SARS-CoV-2

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genome-wide loss-of-function screen using human pluripotent stem cells to study virus-host interactions for SARS-CoV-2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this