Geochronology, paleogeography, and archaeology of the Acheulian locality of 'Evron Landfill in the western Galilee, Israel

Maayan Shemer*, Onn Crouvi, Ron Shaar, Yael Ebert, Ari Matmon, Liora Kolska Horwitz, Véra Eisenmann, Yehouda Enzel, Omry Barzilai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multidisciplinary study was conducted in a newly discovered Paleolithic locality, named 'Evron Landfill. This locality is a part of the Lower Paleolithic complex of 'Evron located at the western Galilee, Israel. Examination of artifacts has enabled the cultural attribution of 'Evron Landfill to the Early Acheulian, while detailed paleomagnetic stratigraphy places the hominin occupations near the Brunhes-Matuyama transition ∼0.77 Ma. This age is constrained by cosmogenic isotope burial dating of the sediments overlying the Paleolithic finds, providing a minimum age of ∼0.66±0.11 Ma for hominin activity at the site. These results are further supported by the biochronological information derived from the faunal assemblage. Comparative analyses of faunal remains and lithic artifacts from 'Evron Landfill demonstrate similarities to the assemblages from the Early Acheulian site of Evron Quarry, located ∼300 m to the south. Pedo-sedimentological analyses indicate that hominin activity took place in a marsh environment in proximity to the Mediterranean coast, which probably fluctuated in both space and time with a fluvial environment. In addition, this study provides important data about ancient coastal activity during the early to middle Pleistocene.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)881-891
Number of pages11
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press.

Keywords

  • 'Evron
  • Acheulian
  • Ancient coast
  • Cosmogenic isotope burial age
  • Lower Paleolithic
  • Paleomagnetic stratigraphy
  • Soil stratigraphy
  • Western Galilee

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