GnRH-Bik/Bax/Bak chimeric proteins target and kill adenocarcinoma cells; the general use of pro-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family as novel killing components of targeting chimeric proteins

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Abstract

In recent years chimeric proteins carrying bacterial toxins as their killing moiety, have been developed to selectively recognize and kill cell populations expressing specific receptors. The involvement of Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) has been demonstrated in several adenocarcinomas and a GnRH-bacterial toxin chimeric protein (GnRH-PE66) was thus developed and found to specifically target and kill adenocarcinoma cells both in vitro and in vivo. Because of the immunogenicity and the non-specific toxicity of the bacterial toxins, we have developed new chimeric proteins, introducing apoptosis inducing proteins of the Bcl-2 family as novel killing components. Sequences encoding the human Bik, Bak or Bax proteins were fused to the GnRH coding sequence at the DNA level and were expressed in E. coli. GnRH-Bik, GnRH-Bak and GnRH-Bax new chimeric proteins efficiently and specifically inhibited the cell growth of adenocarcinoma cell lines and eventually led to cell death. All three Bcl2-proteins-based chimeric proteins seem to induce apoptosis within the target cells, without any additional cell death stimulus. Apoptosis-inducing-proteins of the Bcl-2 family targeted by the GnRH are novel potential therapeutic reagents for adenocarcinoma treatment in humans. This novel approach could be widely applied, using any molecule that binds a specific cell type, fused to an apoptosis-inducing protein.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)531-542
Number of pages12
JournalApoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by MTR Technologies Inc.

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma cells
  • Apoptosis
  • Bcl-2 family proteins
  • Chimeric proteins
  • GnRH-binding site
  • Targeting

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