To study biological phenomena in the Dead Sea and to simulate the effects of mixing Dead Sea water with Red Sea water, experimental mesocosms were operated at the Dead Sea Works at Sedom, Israel. Dense communities of red halophilic archaea developed in mesocosms filled with 80% Dead Sea water and 20% Red Sea water after enrichment with phosphate. The most common type of colonies isolated from these brines belonged to the genus Halorubrum. A few white-pinkish opaque colonies contained pleomorphic flat cells with gas vesicles. Three strains isolated from the latter colonies were characterized in depth. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences showed only 91% similarity to the closest cultured relative (Haloferax mediterranei), indicating that the new strains represent a novel species of a new genus. The name Haloplanus natans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed for this novel organism. The type strain of Haloplanus natans is RE-101T (=DSM 17983T=JCM 14081T).
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|State||Published - Apr 2007|