Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer: Bronze Age Cities in Iron Age Context

Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Pietsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The historical King Solomon has been discussed and debated by many scholars over the years. It is interesting, however, to see that the historicity of the city list of Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer has been accepted by traditional and more radical scholars alike, who have suggested historical contexts in the 10th, 9th, or 8th century BCE for it. In this article we examine the list from a primarily literary point of view, placing it in the broader context of royal ideology in the ancient Near East and arguing that it may preserve memories of great cities from the Canaanite era.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)288-304
Number of pages17
JournalVetus Testamentum
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Copyright 2021 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.


  • 1 Kgs 9:15-22
  • Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer
  • Solomon
  • cultural memory
  • king as builder and warrior


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