He6β-decay rate and the suppression of the axial constant in nuclear matter

Sergey Vaintraub*, Nir Barnea, Doron Gazit

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


We present a microscopic calculation of the He6β-decay into the ground state of Li6. To this end, we use chiral perturbation theory at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order to describe the nuclear weak-currents. The nuclear wave functions are derived from the J-matrix inverse scattering nucleon-nucleon potential (JISP), and the Schrödinger equation is solved using the hyperspherical-harmonics expansion. Our calculation brings the theoretical decay-rate within 3% of the measured one. This success is attributed to the use of chiral perturbation theory based mesonic currents, whose contribution is qualitatively different compared to the standard nuclear physics approach, where the use of meson exchange currents worsens the comparison to experiment. The inherent inconsistency in the use of the JISP potential together with chiral perturbation theory based is argued not to affect this conclusion, though a more detailed investigation is called for. We conclude that any suppression of the axial constant in nuclear matter is included in this description of the weak interaction in the nucleus.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number065501
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 29 Jun 2009


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