Hereditary cancer and developmental abnormalities

Tamar Ben-Yosef, Nissim Benvenisty*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

About 1% of all cancers are hereditary, caused by germline mutations in specific cancer-related genes. More than 25 different hereditary cancer syndromes are known, most of them involving mutations in tumor suppressor genes. These genes, which are related to cellular proliferation, might also be involved in differentiation. Hence, the phenotype of hereditary cancer syndromes might include developmental abnormalities, in addition to cancer predisposition. The information summarized here indicates that developmental phenotypes appear in both human patients and mouse models of the various hereditary cancer syndromes. These developmental abnormalities, which involve a variety of tissues and organs, usually lead to embryonic malformation that prevents the birth of viable homozygous offspring, but can also be detected in heterozygotes. In some of the syndromes a correlation exists between tumor types and developmentally affected tissues. Comparison of mice and human phenotypes from both the cancer and the developmental aspects indicates that many of the mouse models mimic the human syndromes. Our analysis indicates that most tumor suppressor genes participate not only in the regulation of cell proliferation, but also in differentiation and embryogenesis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalBiology of the Neonate
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Development
  • Embryogenesis
  • Hereditary cancer
  • Tumor suppressor genes

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