Herodians and Ioudaioi in Flavian Rome

Daniel R. Schwartz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Focusing on the political relationship between Judaea and Rome, this chapter examines why Agrippa II, a staunch ally of Vespasian and Titus during the Great Revolt, was never rewarded with the kingship of Judea. The answer to this question, according to Schwartz, lies in the Flavian portrayal of Judaea as a conquered territory. This was illustrated by Vespasian's coinage featuring the legend Iudaea capta. This chapter argues that 'Judaea' ceased to be an official designation and its territory started to be referred to as 'Idumaea' or 'Palaestina'. It then weighs in on the debate over translating Iudaeus as 'Judean' or as 'Jew'. In his view, while Graeco-Roman usage originally designated an ethnicity connected with a geographical region (as in 'Judean'), the word took on a broader meaning ('Jew') when the Judean Diaspora started to grow; Judaean religious attributes became the most distinctive marker of their cultural uniqueness.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationFlavius Josephus and Flavian Rome
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780191718533
ISBN (Print)9780199262120
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2007

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Oxford University Press 2005. All rights reserved.


  • Agrippa II
  • Diaspora
  • Ethnicity
  • Ioudaios/Iudaeus
  • Jews
  • Judaea
  • Kingship
  • Palaestina
  • Religion


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