Heuristics of Reasoning and Analogy in Children's Visual Perspective Taking

Ilan Yaniv*, Marilyn Shatz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose that children's reasoning about others' visual perspectives is guided by simple heuristics based on a perceiver's line of sight and salient features of the object met by that line. In 3 experiments employing a 2‐perceiver analogy task, children aged 3–6 were generally better able to reproduce a perceiver's perspective if a visual cue in the perceiver's line of sight sufficed to distinguish it from alternatives. Children had greater difficulty when the task hinged on attending to configural cues. Availability of distinctive cues affixed on the objects' sides facilitated solution of the symmetrical orientations. These and several other related findings reported in the literature are traced to children's reliance on heuristics of reasoning.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1491-1501
Number of pages11
JournalChild Development
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1990
Externally publishedYes

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