Hidden two-qubit dynamics of a four-level Josephson circuit

Elisha Svetitsky*, Haim Suchowski, Roy Resh, Yoni Shalibo, John M. Martinis, Nadav Katz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Multi-level control of quantum coherence exponentially reduces communication and computation resources required for a variety of applications of quantum information science. However, it also introduces complex dynamics to be understood and controlled. These dynamics can be simplified and made intuitive by employing group theory to visualize certain four-level dynamics in a "Bell frame" comprising an effective pair of uncoupled two-level qubits. We demonstrate control of a Josephson phase qudit with a single multi-tone excitation, achieving successive population inversions between the first and third levels and highlighting constraints imposed by the two-qubit representation. Furthermore, the finite anharmonicity of our system results in a rich dynamical evolution, where the two Bell-frame qubits undergo entangling-disentangling oscillations in time, explained by a Cartan gate decomposition representation. The Bell frame constitutes a promising tool for control of multi-level quantum systems, providing an intuitive clarity to complex dynamics.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number5617
JournalNature Communications
StatePublished - 2014

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