Hierarchical role for transcription factors and chromatin structure in genome organization along adipogenesis

Avital Sarusi Portuguez, Michal Schwartz, Rasmus Siersbaek, Ronni Nielsen, Myong Hee Sung, Susanne Mandrup, Tommy Kaplan, Ofir Hakim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The three dimensional folding of mammalian genomes is cell type specific and difficult to alter suggesting that it is an important component of gene regulation. However, given the multitude of chromatin-associating factors, the mechanisms driving the colocalization of active chromosomal domains and the role of this organization in regulating the transcription program in adipocytes are not clear. Analysis of genome-wide chromosomal associations revealed cell type-specific spatial clustering of adipogenic genes in 3T3-L1 cells. Time course analysis demonstrated that the adipogenic ‘hub’, sampled by PPARγ and Lpin1, undergoes orchestrated reorganization during adipogenesis. Coupling the dynamics of genome architecture with multiple chromatin datasets indicated that among all the transcription factors (TFs) tested, RXR is central to genome reorganization at the beginning of adipogenesis. Interestingly, at the end of differentiation, the adipogenic hub was shifted to an H3K27me3-repressive environment in conjunction with attenuation of gene transcription. We propose a stage-specific hierarchy for the activity of TFs contributing to the establishment of an adipogenic genome architecture that brings together the adipogenic genetic program. In addition, the repositioning of this network in a H3K27me3-rich environment at the end of differentiation may contribute to the stabilization of gene transcription levels and reduce the developmental plasticity of these specialized cells. Database: All sequence data reported in this paper have been deposited at GEO (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/) (GSE92475).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3230-3244
Number of pages15
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume284
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Federation of European Biochemical Societies

Keywords

  • adipogenesis
  • chromosome conformation
  • transcription
  • transcription factor

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