High Grazing Rates on Cryptophyte Algae in Chesapeake Bay

Matthew D. Johnson*, David J. Beaudoin, Miguel J. Frada, Emily F. Brownlee, Diane K. Stoecker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cryptophyte algae are globally distributed photosynthetic flagellates found in freshwater, estuarine, and neritic ecosystems. While cryptophytes can be highly abundant and are consumed by a wide variety of protistan predators, few studies have sought to quantify in situ grazing rates on their populations. Here we show that autumnal grazing rates on in situ communities of cryptophyte algae in Chesapeake Bay are high throughout the system, while growth rates, particularly in the lower bay, were low. Analysis of the genetic diversity of cryptophyte populations within dilution experiments suggests that microzooplankton may be selectively grazing the fastest-growing members of the population, which were generally Teleaulax spp. We also demonstrate that potential grazing rates of ciliates and dinoflagellates on fluorescently labeled (FL) Rhodomonas salina, Storeatula major, and Teleaulax amphioxeia can be high (up to 149 prey predator−1 d−1), and that a Gyrodinium sp. and Mesodinium rubrum could be selective grazers. Potential grazing was highest for heterotrophic dinoflagellates, but due to its abundance, M. rubrum also had a high overall impact. This study reveals that cryptophyte algae in Chesapeake Bay can experience extremely high grazing pressure from phagotrophic protists, and that this grazing likely shapes their community diversity.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number241
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2018 Johnson, Beaudoin, Frada, Brownlee and Stoecker.

Keywords

  • Chesapeake Bay
  • Mesodinium rubrum
  • cryptophytes
  • dinoflagellates
  • grazing
  • mixotrophy

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