High school students' career-related decision-making difficulties

Itamar Gati*, Noa Saka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations


The present study examined the construct of career-related decision-making difficulties among 1,843 Israeli adolescents: choosing a high school (9th grade), choosing high school elective courses (10th grade), and deciding on a military job preference (11th grade). Three versions of the Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ) were constructed to match the 3 decision situations. The structures of the 10 difficulty categories of the revised CDDQ were found similar to that proposed by I. Gati, M. Krausz, and S. H. Osipow (1996). Boys reported higher difficulties than girls in external conflicts and dysfunctional beliefs. Research and counseling implications are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001


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