Highly Effective and Hydrolytically Stable Vanadium(V) Amino Phenolato Antitumor Agents

Lilia Reytman, Ori Braitbard, Jacob Hochman, Edit Y. Tshuva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vanadium(V) oxo complexes with no labile ligands, including six octahedral complexes with pentadentate diaminotris(phenolato) ligands and one pentacoordinate complex with a tetradentate aminotris(phenolato) ligand, were synthesized in high yields. All octahedral complexes demonstrated high hydrolytic stability with no signs of decomposition after days in the presence of water, whereas the pentacoordinate complex decomposed within minutes to release the free ligand, demonstrating the marked impact of coordination number and geometry on the complex electrophilicity. All complexes showed marked cytotoxicity toward human colon HT-29 and ovarian OVCAR-3 cells. In particular, the octahedral complexes exhibited especially high activity, higher than that of cisplatin by up to 200-fold. Selected complexes demonstrated similarly high activity also toward the A2780 and the A2780cis cisplatin-resistant line. High cytotoxicity was also recorded after prolonged incubation in a DMSO solution at 4 and 37 °C temperatures and in biological medium. In vivo studies pointed to high efficacy in reducing tumor size, where no clinical signs of toxicity were detected in the treated mice. These results overall indicate high potential of the tested compounds as antitumor agents.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)610-618
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.

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