Histamine release from mouse and rat mast cells cultured with supernatants from chronic murine graft-vs-host splenocytes

Francesca Levi-Schaffer*, Yoseph A. Mekori, Varda Segal, Henry N. Claman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


There is growing interest in studying pathways of mast cell activation. In a mouse model of chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD) extensive mast cell activation and degranulation occurs in vivo coincident with the development of dermal fibrosis. An interesting feature of this model is that the mast cell reaction is slow to develop, occurring over a period of weeks and waning by 300 days. The aim of our work was to investigate the effects of supernatants from splenocytes of such cGVHD mice (cGVHD sups) on mouse and rat peritoneal mast cells cocultured with 3T3 skin fibroblasts. We found that cGVHD sups are able to release histamine from both mouse and rat cultured mast cells in a slow fashion. Histamine release became evident only after 5-8 days of coculture of the mast cells with the cGVHD supernatants and thereafter decreased to basal levels. Mast cell activation due to cGVHD supernatants was a noncytotoxic event as demonstrated by mast cell counts in the cocultures and by the ability of mast cells to exclude trypan blue. Mast cells that had been activated by incubation with the cGVHD sups were as responsive to stimulation with either anti-IgE antibodies or compound 48 80 as were mast cells incubated with control sups. Supernatants from mice early in GVHD (Days 11-28) were most active in promoting histamine release. Supernatants from spleens of mice which had GVHD for 290 days and where the mast cells had returned to full granulation in vivo were inactive. This is the first in vitro study demonstrating slow mast cell histamine release instituted by other cells, namely the splenocytes of cGVHD mice.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalCellular Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1990

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work wass upportedb y a grantf rom the RGK Foundationa nd by USA-Israel BinationalF ounda-tion Grant 86-001 54/1 to F.L-S., and by an NIH Public Health ServiceG rant AR-3 1220t o H.N.C.


Dive into the research topics of 'Histamine release from mouse and rat mast cells cultured with supernatants from chronic murine graft-vs-host splenocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this