HNRNPR regulates the expression of classical and Nonclassical MHC Class i Proteins

Adi Reches, Daphna Nachmani, Orit Berhani, Alexandra Duev-Cohen, Dorin Shreibman, Yael Ophir, Barbara Seliger, Ofer Mandelboim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

MHC class I molecules, in addition to their role in specific activation of the CTL of adaptive immune system, function also as the main ligands for NK cell inhibitory receptors, which prevent NK cells from killing normal, healthy cells. MHC class I proteins are divided into classical and nonclassical proteins. The former group consists of hundreds of HLA-A, B, and C alleles, which are universally expressed, whereas several alleles of the latter group, such as HLA-G, manifest a restricted expression pattern. Despite the important role played by these molecules in innate and adaptive immune responses, their complex expression regulation is not fully known. In our study, we investigated the regulation processes controlling the expression of MHC class I molecules, with a particular focus on their 39 untranslated regions. We identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein R (HNRNPR) as an important positive regulator of classical and nonclassical MHC class I molecules. HNRNPR is a RNA-binding protein belonging to the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein family, which has a known role in processing of precursor mRNA. We demonstrated that HNRNPR binds MHC class I mRNAs in their 39 untranslated regions and enhances their stability and consequently their expression. Furthermore, regulation by HNRNPR modulates the cytotoxic activity of NK cells. In conclusion, we show that HNRNPR acts as a general positive regulator of MHC class I expression.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4967-4976
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume196
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2016 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

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