Home Versus Hospital Rehabilitation of Older Adults Following Hip Fracture Yields Similar Patient-Reported Outcome Measures

Hanna S. Schroeder, Avi Israeli, Meir Iri Liebergall, Omer Or, Wiessam Abu Ahmed, Ora Paltiel, Dan Justo, Eyal Zimlichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The increase in hip fractures (HF) due to aging of the population and the rise in attractiveness of services provided at home following the COVID-19 pandemic, emphasize the need to compare outcomes of home versus hospital HF rehabilitation. To date, studies comparing the 2 services have focused primarily on clinical outcomes rather than patient-reported outcomes (PROs). This longitudinal observational study evaluated PROs of older adults with HF in the 2 settings. The SF36 questionnaire was used to measure PROs 3 times after surgery. The first PRO was retrospective and reflected pre-fracture health status. Descriptive statistics and mixed-effect logistic regression were used. Of 86 patients participating in the study, 41 had home rehabilitation and 45 had hospital rehabilitation. In both groups, the mental and physical scores plummeted 2 weeks after the HF, compared to pre-fracture status. The difference in improvement from pre-fracture status to recovery in both groups, were not significantly (P < .05) different, except for the pain domain. PROs of home versus hospital rehabilitation were similar, suggesting that rehabilitation at home can be as effective as hospital rehabilitation for suitable patients. This knowledge can improve quality of care in an aging global population.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)469580241230293
JournalInquiry (United States)
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • hip fracture
  • home rehabilitation
  • hospital rehabilitation
  • older adults
  • patient reported outcomes

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