Hope in the Middle East: Malleability Beliefs, Hope, and the Willingness to Compromise for Peace

Smadar Cohen-Chen*, Eran Halperin, Richard J. Crisp, James J. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

The importance of hope has long been asserted in the field of conflict resolution. However, little is actually known about either how to induce hope or what effects hope has on conciliatory attitudes. In the current research, we tested whether (1) hope is based upon beliefs regarding conflict malleability and (2) hope predicts support for concessions for peace. Study 1, a correlational study conducted among Israeli Jews, revealed that malleability beliefs regarding conflicts in general are associated with hope regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as with support for concessions. In Study 2, we established causality using an experimental manipulation of beliefs regarding conflicts being malleable (vs. fixed). Findings have both theoretical and practical implications regarding inducing hope in intractable conflicts, thus promoting the attitudes so critical for peacemaking.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • emotions in conflict
  • hope
  • implicit theories
  • intergroup conflict

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