Host–parasite interactions in vector-borne protozoan infections

Gad Baneth, Paul A. Bates, Anna Olivieri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protists embrace many species, some of which may be either occasional or permanent parasites of vertebrate animals. Between the parasite species, several of medical and veterinary importance are vector-transmitted. The ecology and epidemiology of vector-borne parasitoses, including babesiosis, leishmaniasis and malaria, are particularly complex, as they are influenced by many factors, such as vector reproductive efficiency and geographical spread, vectorial capacity, host immunity, travel and human behaviour and climatic factors. Transmission dynamics are determined by the interactions between pathogen, vector, host and environmental factors and, given their complexity, many different types of mathematical models have been developed to understand them. A good basic knowledge of vector-pathogen relationships and transmission dynamics is thus essential for disease surveillance and control interventions and may help in understanding the spread of epidemics and be useful for public health planning.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number125741
JournalEuropean Journal of Protistology
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

Keywords

  • Babesia
  • Leishmania
  • Malaria
  • Plasmodium berghei
  • Vector-borne protozoan infections

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