Human erythropoietin gene therapy for patients with chronic renal failure

Yitzhak Lippin, Michal Dranitzki-Elhalel, Einat Brill-Almon, Chava Mei-Zahav, Sarah Mizrachi, Yael Liberman, Adrian Iaina, Eli Kaplan, Eduardo Podjarny, Evelyne Zeira, Menahem Harati, Nicole Casadevall, Noam Shani, Eithan Galun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gene therapy holds a major promise. However, until now, this promise was fulfilled only in few cases, in rare genetic diseases. One very common clinical condition is anemia. Patients with anemia of chronic renal failure are treated with erythropoietin. The objective of this study was to develop a therapeutic platform for serum-secreted proteins like erythropoietin. We developed a tissue protein factory based on dermal cores (Biopump) harvested and implanted autologously. In this study, an adenovector was designed to express the human erythropoietin under the control of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. This vector transduced the harvested dermal cores ex vivo. The transduced cores were implanted, and erythropoietin and reticulocyte counts were measured. Dermal cores were harvested from 13 patients with chronic renal failure, and implantation was performed in 10. There were no significant drug-related side effects to this procedure. Erythropoietin serum levels increased significantly to therapeutic levels from day 1 after implantation reaching a peak during the first week of follow-up. The expression period was transient for up to 14 days. The rise of erythropoietin was followed by a transient significant increase in reticulocyte counts. The decrease of erythropoietin expression coincided with a significant dermal infiltrate of CD8 cytotoxic T cells. Antierythropoietin antibodies were not detected until day 90 following implantation. Implantation of dermal cores ex vivo transduced with human genes could eventually be used in the clinical setting to express therapeutic serum proteins. However, nonimmunogenic delivery system should be tested as gene vehicles.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2280-2286
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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