The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to invade and survive within host cells is believed to contribute to its propensity to cause persistent and metastatic infections. In addition, S. aureus infections often are associated with atopic diseases such as dermatitis, rhinitis, and asthma. Mast cells, the key cells of allergic diseases, have a pivotal role in innate immunity and have the capacity of phagocytosis, and they can destroy some pathogenic bacteria. However, little is known about the ability of some other bacteria to survive and overcome mast cell phagocytosis. Therefore, we were interested in evaluating the interplay between mast cells and S. aureus. In this study, we show that human cord blood-derived mast cells (CBMC) can be infected by pathogenic S. aureus. S. aureus displayed a high adherence to mast cells as well as invasive and survival abilities within them. However, when infections were performed in the presence of cytochalasin D or when CBMC were preincubated with anti-Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) or anti-CD48 antibodies, the invasiveness and the inflammatory response were abrogated, respectively. Furthermore, we observed an increase of TLR2 and CD48 molecules on CBMC after S. aureus infection. The infection of CBMC with S. aureus also caused the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8). Both live and killed S. aureus organisms were found to trigger TNF-α and IL-8 release by CBMC in a time-dependent manner. Cumulatively, these findings suggest that S. aureus internalizes and survives in mast cells. This may play an important role in infections and in atopic diseases associated with S. aureus.