Hydrotropism mechanisms and their interplay with gravitropism

Yonatan Wexler, Julian I. Schroeder, Doron Shkolnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plants partly optimize their water recruitment from the growth medium by directing root growth toward a moisture source, a phenomenon termed hydrotropism. The default mechanism of downward growth, termed gravitropism, often functions to counteract hydrotropism when the water-potential gradient deviates from the gravity vector. This review addresses the identity of the root sites in which hydrotropism-regulating factors function to attenuate gravitropism and the interplay between these various factors. In this context, the function of hormones, including auxin, abscisic acid, and cytokinins, as well as secondary messengers, calcium ions, and reactive oxygen species in the conflict between these two opposing tropisms is discussed. We have assembled the available data on the effects of various chemicals and genetic backgrounds on both gravitropism and hydrotropism, to provide an up-to-date perspective on the interactions that dictate the orientation of root tip growth. We specify the relevant open questions for future research. Broadening our understanding of root mechanisms of water recruitment holds great potential for providing advanced approaches and technologies that can improve crop plant performance under less-than-optimal conditions, in light of predicted frequent and prolonged drought periods due to global climate change.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalPlant Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. The Plant Journal published by Society for Experimental Biology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • abscisic acid
  • auxin
  • calcium ion (Ca)
  • cytokinin
  • gravitropism
  • hydrotropism
  • reactive oxygen species
  • root

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