Identification of differentially expressed genes during hepatocytes development and characterization of their prenatal hormonal induction

Hannah Cohen, Michael Trus, Nissim Benvenisty, Lea Reshef*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Upon birth, the liver acquires new functions as a result of the initiation of expression of key enzymes. One example is the initiation of gluconeogenesis which depends on the induced appearance of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (P-pyruvate-CK) at birth. To characterize other genes that undergo such regulation, a differential screening was performed on a cDNA library from well-differentiated hepatoma cells. The pattern of tissue-specific and developmental-specific expression was determined for seven genes. Three clones, out of which two encode for the known genes alcohol dehydrogenase class I (ADH) and phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase (PAH) and a new gene (clone 116-3), exhibited a pattern of expression similar to that of the P-pyruvate-CK gene, i.e. their expression was liver and kidney specific and induced in the liver upon birth. Determination of the sequence of clone 116-3 revealed that it belonged to the UDP-glucuronosyltransferases type 2 (UGT2) family and thus was named UGT2B-rH4. To examine whether expression of the various genes could be prematurely induced by hormones in the fetal liver, either high levels of cAMP or low levels of insulin were induced in utero. The results demonstrated that cAMP induced a marked expression only of the genes for P-pyruvate-CK and ADH but not of those for PAH or UGT2B-rH4, while insulin deficiency induced premature expression of all four genes. We suggest that a set of genes whose expression is specifically induced in the liver upon birth can be prematurely induced by the hormones in utero.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)550-556
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume242
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Development
  • Hormone
  • Insulin
  • Liver
  • cAMP

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