Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the causal agent of bacterial spot disease of tomato and pepper. The disease process is interactive and very intricate and involves a plethora of genes in the pathogen and in the host. In the pathogen, different genes are activated in response to the changing environment to enable it to survive, adapt, evade host defenses, propagate, and damage the host. To understand the disease process, it is imperative to broaden our understanding of the gene machinery that participates in it, and the most reliable way is to identify these genes in vivo. Here, we have adapted a recombinase-based in vivo expression technology (RIVET) to study the genes activated in X. campestris pv. vesicatoria during its interaction with one of its hosts, tomato. This is the first study that demonstrates the feasibility of this approach for identifying in vivo induced genes in a plant pathogen. RIVET revealed 61 unique X. campestris pv. vesicatoria genes or operons that delineate a picture of the different processes involved in the pathogen-host interaction. To further explore the role of some of these genes, we generated knockout mutants for 13 genes and characterized their ability to grow in planta and to cause disease symptoms. This analysis revealed several genes that may be important for the interaction of the pathogen with its host, including a citH homologue gene, encoding a citrate transporter, which was shown to be required for wild-type levels of virulence.