Identification of mutations in regions corresponding to the two putative nucleotide (ATP)-binding folds of the cystic fibrosis gene

Bat Sheva Kerem*, Julian Zielenski, Danuta Markiewicz, Dominique Bozon, Ephraim Gazit, Jacob Yahav, Dara Kennedy, John R. Riordan, Francis S. Collins, Johanna M. Kommens, Lap Chee Tsui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

414 Scopus citations

Abstract

Additional mutations in the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene were identified in the regions corresponding to the two putative nucleotide (ATP)-binding folds (NBFs) of the predicted polypeptide. The patient cohort included 46 Canadian CF families with well-characterized DNA marker haplotypes spanning the disease locus and several other families from Israel. Eleven mutations were found in the first NBF, 2 were found in the second NBF, but none was found in the R-domain. Seven of the mutations were of the missense type affecting some of the highly conserved amino acid residues in the first NBF; 3 were nonsense mutations; 2 would probably affect mRNA splicing; 2 corresponded to small deletions, including another 3-base-pair deletion different from the major mutation (ΔF508), which could account for 70% of the CF chromosomes in the population. Nine of these mutations accounted for 12 of the 31 non-ΔF508 CF chromosomes in the Canadian families. The highly heterogeneous nature of the remaining CF mutations provides important insights into the structure and function of the protein, but it also suggests that DNA-based genetic screening for CF carrier status will not be straightforward.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8447-8451
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume87
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Genetic disease
  • Missense mutation
  • Mutational hot spot
  • Nonsense mutation
  • Pancreatic function

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